Μια καταστροφή σε δέκα βήματα (μετά την έξοδο από το ευρώ)

One thought on “Μια καταστροφή σε δέκα βήματα (μετά την έξοδο από το ευρώ)

  1. Τα ριάλια του Ιράν…

    Iranian Riot Police Deployed in Tehran Amid Collapsing Currency

    By Ladane Nasseri
    Oct. 4 (Bloomberg) — Iranian riot police sealed off parts
    of downtown Tehran and fired tear gas rounds after street
    protests triggered by the country’s tumbling currency.
    More than 200 policemen were stationed yesterday around
    Ferdowsi Street, near one of the main areas for traders in the
    capital, and broke up groups of passers-by. They were also sent
    to the city’s merchant bazaar after shopkeepers refused to open
    and trash cans were set alight in the streets.
    “The price of the dollar was unclear so we went on strike
    and decided to shut our store,” said Rouhollah, who works in a
    wholesale food shop in the bazaar. Shopkeepers didn’t know at
    what price to sell their goods, he said.
    President Mahmoud Ahmadinejad called for calm on Oct. 2,
    blaming the weakening of the rial on foreign pressures. Iran’s
    economy is suffering after the U.S. and the European Union
    tightened trade and financial sanctions in the past year. The
    restrictions, aimed at curbing Iran’s nuclear program, have
    limited the country’s ability to sell oil, its biggest export,
    and other goods in return for currencies such as dollars and
    euros.
    “The fact that there are street protests was in many ways
    inevitable given that Iranians are essentially living in a
    pressure cooker,” said Anoush Ehteshami, professor of
    international relations at Durham University in the U.K. “The
    pressure is inherently economic and affecting all strata of
    society.”

    Tumbling Rial

    The Iranian people “will never surrender to pressure,”
    Supreme Leader Ayatollah Ali Khamenei said yesterday in an
    address to a group of students, according to the state-run Fars
    news agency. “In the past 33 years, the Islamic Republic has
    been faced with a wide range of political, security, military,
    economic pressures and sanctions but the Iranian nation has not
    only canceled these pressures but also come out of it more
    powerful.”
    The rial, which has declined in value over the past year,
    dropped about 18 percent on Oct. 1, reaching a record low of
    35,000 to the dollar on the unofficial market. It weakened from
    12,100 to the U.S. currency in September 2010 to 13,200 in
    November before slumping to its current level.
    While the Iranian currency was valued at 36,100 yesterday,
    according to the state-run Mehr news agency, traders in Tehran
    said in interviews that most exchange houses have halted dealing
    in the greenback.
    The current street value of the rial is less than a third
    of the official rate of 12,260 per dollar set by the central
    bank, a rate to which most Iranians, except some importers of
    essential goods including medicines, meat and grains, don’t have
    access.

    ‘Lack of Confidence’

    The crisis has been compounded by poor economic policies,
    said Ehteshami. “The protest also reflects the lack of
    confidence in the elite’s ability to sort things out,” he said.
    “People are also aware of tensions at the highest level of the
    state and you put these things together and they want at the
    very least to show their anger.”
    The rial’s dive happened about a week after the opening of
    an exchange center by the government, aimed at stabilizing the
    market. Central bank Governor Mahmoud Bahmani, cited in the
    Donya-e-Eqtesad newspaper Oct. 2, said the institution will
    “fully cover real demand” for foreign currencies. Importers of
    basic goods such as industrial and agricultural machinery can
    benefit from a discount from the market rate at the center.

    ‘Wrong Decisions’

    Ahmad Karimi-Esfahani, head of the society of syndicates
    and bazaar, said the government “isn’t fit” to make decisions
    for the markets.
    “The government’s wrong decisions have fed the price
    bubble for foreign currencies,” Karimi-Esfahani said in a
    report published by Mehr. “The government has incited ordinary
    Iranians to trade currencies and today we are seeing that as
    much as it injects currencies into the market, it still can’t
    meet demand.”
    U.S. Secretary of State Hillary Clinton said yesterday that
    Iran’s government bears responsibility for the collapse of the
    country’s currency.
    “I think the Iranian government deserves responsibility
    for what is going on inside Iran and that is who should be held
    accountable,” Clinton said at the State Department in
    Washington. “They have made their own government decisions
    having nothing to do with the sanctions,” she said, referring
    to U.S. and international sanctions on the country.
    “Sanctions had an impact as well,” Clinton said. “But
    those could be remedied in short order if the Iranian government
    were willing to work with” the group of countries negotiating
    with it on its nuclear program.
    The U.S., the EU and Israel have expressed concern that
    Iran intends to develop nuclear weapons, an allegation the
    Islamic Republic denies.

Σχολιάστε

Εισάγετε τα παρακάτω στοιχεία ή επιλέξτε ένα εικονίδιο για να συνδεθείτε:

Λογότυπο WordPress.com

Σχολιάζετε χρησιμοποιώντας τον λογαριασμό WordPress.com. Αποσύνδεση / Αλλαγή )

Φωτογραφία Twitter

Σχολιάζετε χρησιμοποιώντας τον λογαριασμό Twitter. Αποσύνδεση / Αλλαγή )

Φωτογραφία Facebook

Σχολιάζετε χρησιμοποιώντας τον λογαριασμό Facebook. Αποσύνδεση / Αλλαγή )

Φωτογραφία Google+

Σχολιάζετε χρησιμοποιώντας τον λογαριασμό Google+. Αποσύνδεση / Αλλαγή )

Σύνδεση με %s